Evidence

Key Documents

Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group (MAPPG). Mindful nation UK. Oct 2015. http://themindfulnessinitiative.org.uk/images/reports/Mindfulness-APPG-Report_Mindful-Nation-UK_Oct2015.pdf.

 

For Doctors

Epstein RM, Krasner MS. Physician resilience: what it means, why it matters, and how to promote it. Acad Med. 2013;88(3):301–3.

Krasner MS, Epstein RM, Beckman H, Suchman AL, Chapman B, Mooney CJ, Quill TE. Association of an Educational Program in Mindful Communication With Burnout, Empathy, and Attitudes Among Primary Care Physicians. JAMA. 2009;302(12):1284-1293. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1384

For Medical Students

Chen, D. et al., (2007). A cross-sectional measurement of medical student empathy. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(10), pp.1434–1438.

Hojat, M. et al., (2004). An empirical study of decline in empathy in medical school. Medical education, 38(9), pp.934–941.

Keller, S. et al., (2007). Binge drinking and health behavior in medical students. Addictive behaviors, 32(3), pp.505–515.

Richings, J.C., Khara, G.S. & McDowell, M., (1986). Suicide in young doctors. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 149(4), pp.475–478.

Dickstein, L.J., Stephenson, J.J. & Hinz, L.D., (1990). Psychiatric impairment in medical students. Academic medicine, 65(9), pp.588–593.

Hassed C, de Lisle S, Sullivan G, Pier C. Enhancing the health of medical students: outcomes of an integrated mindfulness and lifestyle program. Adv Health Sci Ed 2009; 14: 387-98.

Rosenzweig S, Reibel DK, Greeson JM, Brainard GC, Hojat M. Mindfulness-based stress reduction lowers psychological distress in medical students. Teach Learn Med 2003; 15: 88-92.

Shapiro SL, Schwartz GE, Bonner G. Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. J Behav Med 1998; 21: 581-99

 

Clinical Practice – Psychiatry

For Depression

Kenny MA,Williams JMG. Treatment-resistant depressed patients show a good response to mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Behav Res Ther 2007; 45: 617-25

Kuyken, W. et al., (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet.

*Above is the key study that showed significant clinical effectiveness in depression.

Kuyken W, Hayes R, Barrett B, Byng R, Dalgleish T, Kessler D, et al. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2015; 386: 63-73

Eisendrath SJ, Delucchi K, Bitner R, Fenimore P, Smit M, McLane M. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for treatment-resistant depression: a pilot study. Psychother Psychosom 2008; 77: 319-20

Barnhofer T, Crane C, Hargus E, Amarasinghe M, Winder R, Williams JMG. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a treatment for chronic depression: a preliminary study. Behav Res Ther 2009; 47: 366-73.

Geschwind N, Peeters F, Huibers M, van Os J, Wichers M. Efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in relation to prior history of depression: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2012; 201: 320-5.

For Anxiety, Hypochondriasis/Somatisation

Strauss C, Cavanagh K, Oliver A, Pettman D. Mindfulness-based interventions for people diagnosed with a current episode of an anxiety or depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLoS ONE 2014; 9: e96110

McManus F, Surawy C, Muse K, Vazquez-Montes M, Mark Williams JG. A randomized clinical trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy versus unrestricted services for health anxiety (hypochondriasis). J Consult Clin Psychol 2012; 80: 817-28.

Lakhan SE, Schofield KL. Mindfulness-based therapies in the treatment of somatization disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 2013; 8: e71834.

Bipolar

Williams JMG, Alatiq Y, Crane C, Barnhofer T, Fennell MJV, Duggan DS, et al. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in bipolar disorder: preliminary evaluation of immediate effects on between-episode functioning. J Affect Disord 2008; 107: 275-9.

Perich T, Manicavasagar V, Mitchell PB, Ball JR, Hadzi-Pavlovic D. A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for bipolar disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2013; 127: 333-43.

Substance Misuse

Breslin FC, Zack M, McMain S. An information-processing analysis of mindfulness: implications for relapse prevention in the treatment of substance abuse. Clin Psychol Sci Pract 2002; 9: 275-99.

Zgierska A, Rabago D, Chawla N, Kushner K, Koehler R, Marlatt A. Mindfulness meditation for substance-use disorders: a systematic review. Subst Abus 2009; 30: 295-305

Witkiewitz K, Bowen S. Depression, craving and substance use following a randomized trial of mindfulness-based relapse prevention. J Consult Clin Psychol 2010; 78: 362-74.

Psychosis

Chadwick P. Mindfulness for psychosis. Br J Psychiatry 2014; 204: 333-4.

Eating Disorders

Wanden-Berghe RG, Sanz-Valero J, Wanden-Berghe C. The application of mindfulness to eating disorders treatment: a systematic review. Eat Disord 2011; 19: 34-48.

OCD

Madani NAM, Kananifar N, Atashpour SH, Bin Habil MH. The effects of mindfulness group training on the rate of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms on the women in Isfahan City (Iran). Int Med J 2013; 20: 13-7.

Autism/ASD

Spek AA, van Ham NC, Nyklie`ek I. Mindfulness-based therapy in adults with an autism spectrum disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Res Dev Disabil 2013; 34: 246-53. 29 Zylowska L, Ackerman DL, Yang MH, Futrell JL, Horton NL, Hale TS, et al. Mindfulness meditation training in adults and adolescents with ADHD: a feasibility study. J Atten Disord 2008; 11: 737-46

 

In Schools

Jenner C, Herrnleben-Kurz S, Walach W. Mindfulness-based interventions in schools—a systematic review and meta-analysis. Front Psychol 2014;5:603

Fort-Catanese K. For the flourishing of young minds: developing a mindful school culture. Huffington Post 2014 Sep 5. http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/krysten-fortcatanese/developinga-mindful-school-culture_b_5763266.html.